UTI in women: Tips for dealing with urinary tract infections Health

Urinary tract infections are more common in women than men. Usually a bacterial infection, it mainly affects the kidneys, ureters, bladder or urethra in women. It is estimated that approximately 40-50% of women experience an episode of UTI in their lifetime and 20-30% may have a subsequent episode. Most UTI infections involve the bladder and urethra. The infection can spread to the kidneys and cause serious health problems if not treated on time. Women are said to be at increased risk for UTIs because their urethra — the tube leading from the bladder — is shorter and located closer to the rectum. This enables bacteria to travel more easily from the skin, vagina or rectum to the bladder. Menopause can also increase the risk of UTIs. (Also Read: New Drug Found Effective For Treating Complicated Urinary Tract Infection: Study)

Frequent urination, pain and lower abdominal pain, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, fever, and urination during fever are red flags seen in women with UTIs.  (freepik)
Frequent urination, pain and lower abdominal pain, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, fever, and urination during fever are red flags seen in women with UTIs. (freepik)

In addition to women, the elderly are also at greater risk of UTIs because with age, they may develop urinary retention or incontinence due to weakened pelvic floor or bladder muscles, which can cause urine to remain in the urinary tract and increase the chance of bacteria.

“Urinary tract infection (UTI) refers to a bacterial infection in the urinary system. It mainly occurs in the kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra in women. If a UTI is left untreated, it can lead to kidney. An infection such as swelling of the kidney. Are you aware? ?Frequent urination, pain and discomfort in the lower abdomen, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, fever and burning sensation during urination are red flags in women with UTI. Take timely treatment only as prescribed by the doctor. Apart from treatment, women should follow personal hygiene practices. should be done which can help manage UTIs,” says Dr Anu Vij, Consultant Obstetrician and Gynaecologist, Medicover Hospital, Navi. Mumbai.

Tips for managing UTI in women

Apart from treatment, women can follow these personal hygiene practices suggested by Dr. Wiz that can help manage UTIs.

• Hydration is key: If you are not drinking enough water then you should start doing so. Drinking water can help flush toxins from the urinary tract and help keep UTIs at bay. Consuming alcohol or caffeine is a strict no-no.

• Frequent urination: Holding your urine is not advisable as this can set the stage for bacteria to grow and cause a UTI.

• Stick to safe sex practices: It will be imperative to empty the bladder immediately after intercourse to avoid the development of UTI-causing bacteria.

• Do not give chemical products there: It is a known fact that when douching, or using sprays, powders, or deodorants that contain harmful ingredients, there can be irritation, pain, and a burning sensation. Therefore, do not use these products when coming into the vagina. It is better to use the products only after consulting a doctor.

• Wipe yourself from front to back To prevent bacteria from spreading to your vagina or urethra. You need to wear skin-friendly underwear made of breathable fabric like cotton. Don’t wear jeans as it restricts blood circulation and increases bacterial growth leading to UTI.

• Don’t forget probiotics: You should eat fermented foods and probiotic supplements that encourage the growth of good gut bacteria and prevent UTIs. Try to follow these tips and take full care of your overall well-being.

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