A sore eye is an unpleasant sensation around one or both eyes where the eye may feel gritty, tender or tired and can be caused by a variety of stimuli, including irritants in the air and environmental factors, as well as underlying conditions. Sore eyes can be a common problem caused by a variety of reasons including allergies, eye strain, dry eyes and infections, but sore eyes can be treated but sometimes lead to other complications.
In an interview with HT Lifestyle, Dr Sandeep Bhattan, Technical Head, Eye Health and Health System Strengthening at Sightsavers India, said, “Eye irritation can be caused by various factors, such as air and dust pollution, prolonged exposure to digital screens, seasonality. Allergies, dry eyes, and certain eye drops or medications. Although the condition does not affect vision, it can significantly affect daily activities and quality of life, causing difficulty drinking water, itching, frequent blinking, mild nausea, and difficulty working at a computer or driving. Therefore, it is important to take good care of your eyes to avoid or manage irritated eyes.”
According to him, the main cause of itchy eyes is air and dust pollution, which has become a concern in most cities. He said, ‘Due to the harmful pollutants in the air, people living in polluted areas are more likely to have itchy eyes. Reducing exposure to dry and dusty environments and wearing protective eyewear can help reduce symptoms. Prolonged exposure to digital screens is another major cause of itchy eyes. People who work long hours in front of computers or other display screens have a higher risk of developing digital eye strain, which causes symptoms such as eye fatigue, dry eyes, headaches and blurred vision. To manage this, it is recommended to maintain a reasonable distance from the screen, take frequent breaks, blink carefully and wear anti-glare glasses.
Highlighting that seasonal allergies can also cause eye irritation, watering, itching and sensitivity to light, Dr Sandeep Bhattan advises, “Avoiding allergens, staying hydrated, eating fresh fruits and washing eyes and face with clean water can reduce symptoms. However, if symptoms persist, it is best to consult an eye care provider to obtain a complete evaluation and prescription for appropriate tear substitutes and anti-allergen medications. Dry eye is a broad term used to describe eye problems associated with poor tear production, either reduced quantity or altered composition. This condition is more common in people who use contact lenses, work outdoors, have LASIK surgery, have other allergies, or use certain eye drops or medications. Using appropriate tear substitutes and avoiding exposure to artificial heat and cold may help alleviate symptoms.”
He emphasized, “It’s important to note that regular eye health check-ups are important to maintaining eye health, keeping things looking good. This helps detect any underlying eye problems early and prevents potential eye conditions from worsening. Self-medication or harmful Stay away from home remedies and avoid rubbing the eyes as this can worsen the symptoms. In summary, taking good care of your eyes is essential to prevent or manage eye irritation. Avoiding allergies, reducing exposure to dry and dusty environments, wearing protective glasses, digital screen wise Exercise, staying hydrated, eating fresh fruit, and washing the eyes and face with clean water can help relieve symptoms. It is important to consult with an eye care provider for a full evaluation and prescription of appropriate tear substitutes and/or anti-allergen medications. Finally, the eye Regular eye health exams are important to maintain good health.
Dr Uma Mallia, Senior Consultant, Ophthalmology at Indraprastha Apollo Hospital New Delhi recommends the following tips to help reduce eye pain.
- Rest your eyes: The main cause of eye pain is eye strain. If you spend a lot of time looking at a computer screen or any other digital device, take regular breaks to rest your eyes. It can help reduce eye strain and prevent pain.
- Apply a warm compress: Placing a warm, moist cloth over your closed eye can help relieve pain and reduce swelling. It can also be helpful if you have dry eyes, as it can help stimulate tear production.
- Use eye drops: If your eyes are dry, eye drops can help lubricate them and relieve pain. There are many over-the-counter eye drops available to help relieve dry eyes. However, if your eye is sore due to an infection, you should see a doctor before using eye drops.
- Avoid stimulants: If you have allergies, some substances can irritate your eyes and make them hurt. Try to avoid allergens like dust, pollen, and pet dander. If you must come into contact with these substances, wear protective glasses such as goggles.
- Practice good hygiene: If you have an eye infection, it’s important to practice good hygiene to prevent it from spreading. Wash your hands regularly and avoid touching your eyes. Also, do not share towels or other personal items that can spread the infection.
- Get enough sleep: Lack of sleep can cause eye strain and make your eyes hurt. Aim for 7-8 hours of sleep each night to help reduce eye strain and promote healthy eyes.
- See your doctor: If your eye hurts for a long time, or if you experience other symptoms such as redness, discharge, or vision changes, see your doctor.
Bringing his expertise to the same, Dr. Sharp Sight Eye Hospital Senior Consultant. Saumya Sharma suggests how to care for irritated eyes:
1. Use over-the-counter artificial tears. These eye drops reduce irritation and remove allergens from the eyes. Use up to four times daily. If you use artificial tears frequently, you should buy preservative-free artificial tears.
2. Use over-the-counter antihistamine eye drops, especially if you are prone to seasonal allergies. These drops help reduce itching.
3. Do simple eye exercises every day To maintain muscle strength in and around your eyes. Exercising them can also reduce stress.
4. Apply a cold compress Or wash clothes with closed eyes several times a day.
5. Avoid triggers or stimulants such as smoke, pollen, dust, chlorine or pet dander. If you are not sure what could be causing your eye irritation, consult an allergist. They can test you to find out what you are allergic to.
6. Your eyes need to be hydrated And this can be easily achieved by drinking plenty of water. In summer, water not only refreshes your body but also gives you energy. It also improves your immune system.
7. Wash your hands frequently. Do not touch your eyes until you have just washed your hands. Also, try to use clean sheets and towels every day.
Meanwhile, in some cases, symptoms of eye pain may appear that may indicate a serious condition that requires immediate evaluation. If eye symptoms do not improve after a few weeks, contact your eye doctor.
In conclusion, eye strain can be a common problem but there are many ways to alleviate the discomfort. Resting your eyes, using warm compresses, using eye drops, avoiding irritation, practicing good hygiene, getting enough sleep, and seeing your doctor if needed can all help keep your eyes healthy and reduce pain.